What is kyphoplasty?
Kyphoplasty is a surgical procedure to treat vertebral compression fractures which offers reduced pain, increase mobility, and a minimally invasive alternative to other surgeries.
Kyphoplasty is a vertebral augmentation surgery to treat a fracture in the vertebra, a vertebral compression fracture (VCF), which occurs when the bony block in the spine collapses and causes extreme pain, deformity, and loss of height. The incidence of VCF’s increases with age and most result from low energy injuries in older people with osteoporosis. However, other possible causes of VCF’s include trauma from car accidents or sports injuries or tumors that have started in the spine or spread to the bones.
Although similar to vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty is different because it attempts to address curvature of the spine to restore height. This process involves inflating a small balloon in the vertebra to create space before injecting the bone cement. Therefore, some doctors refer to this procedure as balloon kyphoplasty.
About the Procedure
Your surgeon will perform kyphoplasty in a hospital or outpatient clinic utilizing either local or general anesthetic. The surgical procedure is as follows:
Your surgeon will insert a needle into the spine bone through the skin. They will then use X-ray images to guide them to the correct area.
They will then place a small device called a balloon tamp through the needle and into the fractured vertebra.
The surgeon will inflate the balloon tamp. This helps to restore the height of the vertebrae.
When your surgeon removes the balloon tamp, it leaves a cavity that is injected with acrylic bone cement to prevent it from collapsing again.
Most people will be able to go home from the hospital the same day. A person should not drive unless a medical professional approves it.
Benefits of Kyphoplasty
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures have associations with increased morbidity.
Techniques such as kyphoplasty can provide pain relief and improve spinal support function.
People who have a kyphoplasty procedure will experience a better quality of life afterward.
Kyphoplasty patients may require fewer pain relievers and be more mobile.